Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that is found in the prostate, which is part of the reproductive system of males. They are typically slow-growing cancers, but some are aggressive in nature. Prostate Cancers may spread to other areas of the body, and is most likely to metastasise to the lymph nodes and bones. Prostate Cancer is associated with physical pain when urinating or during sex, and may also be the cause of sexual dysfunction.
Prostate cancer rates vary around the world, largely due to differences in awareness as well as differences in diagnosis and screening patterns. Prostate cancer is most frequently found in men over the age of fifty, and is one of the most common types of cancer found in males. However, despite this, in many cases prostate cancer is only diagnosed after death. This is because the slow-growing nature of prostate cancer means that it can go undetected for many years.
Treatments for prostate cancer vary depending on the advancement of the cancer as well as whether it is slow-growing or aggressive. For slow-growing Prostate Cancers, monitoring may be adequate, whereas in other cases surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and and cryosurgery may be required. However, given that prostate cancer is often detected late, doctors may also need to assess whether there has been any spread of cancer to beyond the prostate. In these cases, other forms of treatment may be required.
There are a number of factors that are associated with the development of prostate cancer. Two of these include genetics and diet. Those who have family members who have experienced Prostate Cancer are more likely to experience it themselves; ethnic background may also have some effect on its development. Diet is another key factor, with those with diets high in B vitamins, E vitamins, and soy associated with lower levels of prostate cancer. Low exposure to Vitamin D is associated with increased risk. Some types of medication are also associated with prostate cancer, and conditions that have resulted in an inflamed prostate are also associated with increased risk.
A number of studies have shown that lifestyle habits can significantly affect both the risk of prostate cancer as well as the treatment of prostate cancer, and indicate that alternative approaches to treatment may be of some benefit. Those who are interested in finding out more about alternative treatment and approaches for prostate cancer can find some relevant information and guidance on this site.